First published 18 January 2004. Updated 10 September 2009
Full name Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Count von Stauffenberg.
Cause: Assassination of German dictator Adolf Hitler and the ending of his Nazi regime.
Background: Following the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles penalises the defeated Germany, annexing land, imposing large war reparations, limiting the size of the German Army and blaming Germany and Austria-Hungary for starting the conflict. The new German Government, a coalition of le